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I use an integrated therapeutic approach in treatment. 

​At the core of all of my therapeutic work are the central skills of Person-Centered therapy, developed by Carl Rogers (1902-1987), these skills are the basis for the therapeutic process and therapeutic relationship; they are empathy, unconditional positive regard, and genuineness. Growth, change, and healing can occur within an environment and a rapport that are safe, consistent, and authentic. 

In standard Dialectical Behavior therapy (DBT), emphasizes validation—a powerful tool whereby the therapist and the patient work on “accepting” uncomfortable thoughts, feelings and behaviors rather than struggling with them. Once an identified thought, emotion or behavior has been validated, the process of change no longer appears impossible, and the goals of gradual transformation become reality. The term dialectics refers to the therapist’s goal of establishing a balance between acceptance and change and effectively integrating these two fundamental principles of successful therapy. DBT also focuses on the development of coping skills—specific behavioral techniques used to combat the disabling symptoms of mental illness. (adapted from NAMI; tp://

Cognitive Behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of treatment that focuses on examining the relationships between thoughts, feelings and behaviors. By exploring patterns of thinking that lead to self-destructive actions and the beliefs that direct these thoughts, people their patterns of thinking to improve coping. CBT is a type of psychotherapy that is different from traditional psychodynamic psychotherapy in that the therapist and the patient will actively work together to help the patient recover from their mental illness. People who seek CBT can expect their therapist to be problem-focused, and goal-directed in addressing their challenging symptoms. (Adapted from NAMI website;

A key task in Solution Focused (Brief) Therapy (SFBT) is to help clients identify and attend to their skills, abilities, and external resources (e.g. social networks). This process not only helps to construct a narrative of the client as a competent individual, but also aims to help the client identify new ways of bringing these resources to bear upon the problem. Resources can be identified by the client and the worker will achieve this by empowering the client to identify their own resources through use of scaling questions, problem-free talk, or during exception-seeking. Resources can be Internal: the client's skills, strengths, qualities, beliefs that are useful to them and their capacities. Or, External: Supportive relationships such as, partners, family, friends, faith or religious groups and also support groups. (from Wikipedia because it is explained well;


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